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Modern Chronology of the Mediterranean region is based solely on the info, that is allegedly contained in the Old Testament. Due to the old connections of Mediterranean nations with other regions (China, India, Russia) their Chronology is also based on the Old Testament. In this article I analyze a possibility to use the text of the Old Testament (in several languages) to be a solid source of information and prove, that for centuries myriads of apologists and critics piled up sets of a priory arguments, that prevent them from re-reading the text to find the New, non-Old-Testament Chronology.

"Rule Number 1": illiterate people remember not more than 300 years of their history, ancestors, life, traditions.

Mitsraim (Mizraim) is not Egypt.
Biblical events took place in another region -- thus, probably, at another time?
Biblical Exodus resulted in the fugitives coming towards some place, called in the Bible "Baal-Tsafon"; it is well-known and is situated not in Egypt, but in modern Turkey, near ancient Antiochia, modern Antakia.
Most likely Mitsraim is biblical Gerar (Grar), which was situated somewhere around that place.
They crossed not "Red Sea," but a mountain river Orontes -- and only there the EASTERN wind, described in the book of Exodus could help Hebrews, sending water to the necessary direction.
There are practically no traces of Egypt or its culture in the Bible; no Nile, pyramids, even the race was most probably different (Egyptians, as soon as we can judge by the preserved pictures, had dark skin, whereas modern Hebrews are no doubt white...)

To some extent the very reason of misunderstandings in interpreting biblical data as the real CHRONOLOGY data is in the mixture of the Mundane History with the Terrestrial History: we traditionally interpret everything in the Bible as the scientific source, which was never intended to be!

This reference to geography is not a mere unnecessary reference for the sake of reference; only it allows us to read the text of the Old Testament without a bias. Pinpointing the events to the proper spots on the map allows us to notice things that simply could not have happened either at that spot or at that time (e. g., the Old Testament says, that Moses, having defeated Egyptian king, brought his men to Palestine -- and we do not bother to look on the map: according to the ORTHODOX historical templates Palestine belonged to Egypt at that time! Thus, either it happened at another time, or in another place...
Moreover, it is geography, that returns us back to the language: which language spoke Abraham? And which language spoke AND wrote Moses?

If the Old Testament is a solid foundation of the world chronology, then we need to decide: which exactly Old Testament constitutes that foundation?
As there are several DIFFERENT versions of it:
Tanah (Jewish Bible)
Septuagint (Greek Bible, LXX)
Samaritan Bible
When we start comparing them from the point of view of deciphering necessary chronological information, we notice strange things: they describe the historical events in an absolutely different ways! [For instance, their information, relating to the life of the Patriarchs results is hundreds of years discrepancy: if we use Tanah, the first Temple was burnt in 182/182 BC, whereas according to the LXX it happened in 760 BC. But: though we use dates from Tanah in King James Version of the Bible, we state, that the Temple was burnt in 760 BC!]
Thus we have to deal again with the history of versions of the Bible plus with the language it was written in.
This brings us the difficult question: when, where and how the modern alphabet appeared?

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Created   2008_01_17

Renewed 2008_01_21